Fourth Wave Feminism

Fourth-wave feminism refers to a resurgence of interest in feminism that began around 2012 and is associated with the use of social media.  Issues that fourth-wave feminists focus on include street and workplace harassment, campus sexual assault and rape culture. Scandals involving the harassment and abuse of women and girls have galvanized the movement. These …

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Body Image

Body image is a person’s perception of the aesthetic or sexual attractiveness of their own body. This phrase was coined by Paul Schilder in his book, The Image and Appearance of the Human Body. One’s body image can be shaped by many different factors, including factors such as a person’s personal experiences, personality, and social …

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Terrible Perfection

Terrible Perfection: Women in Russian Literature is a book critiquing the portrayal of women in Russian literature, both by male and female authors. The author, Barbara Heldt, sought to apply feminist thought and gynocriticism to texts in order to expose the unrealistic and unfair portrayal of women. Gynocritrical writing focuses on literature written by female …

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The “Final Girl” and Spectatorship (Carol Clover)

The “Final Girl” is a theme of horror films in which there is a single female protagonist left at the end who tells the story. The most well known examples of this genre are Halloween, Friday the 13th, Eyes of a Stranger, The Shining, and A Nightmare on Elm Street. The term was coined by Carol J. Clover …

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Intersectionality and White Privilege

While sometimes considered a difficult topic to discuss, the presence of white privilege in modern America and the subsequent inequalities faced by those who do not experience it cannot be ignored. White privilege refers to the societal benefits enjoyed by white people because of their race, which others under the same political, social, or economic …

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Laura Mulvey and Social Construction of Gaze in Narrative cinema

Laura Mulvey is a British film feminist. She was born in Oxford, United Kingdom on August 15, 1941.  She is best known for her essay “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.” In writing this essay, she brought forth the theory of the male gaze in films. In film, the male gaze occurs when the camera focuses …

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Second Wave of Feminism – Kate Millett

            The second-wave of feminism was a period of feminist activity that first began in the early 1960s which broadened the debate of first wave feminism to a wide range of issues. The first wave of feminism focused on women’s suffrage and other legal obstacles, the second wave created a much broader range than that. …

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First Wave of Feminism- Ida B. Wells & Alice Paul

The first wave of feminism was a period (the first major period) of feminist thought and activism in the 19th century to the early 20th century, the primary goal of this first wave was gaining legal rights, specifically on woman’s suffrage. Two of the leading suffragists who were a part of this movement were Ida …

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